Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) is a recently popularized sport that combines fighting techniques of martial arts, boxing, wrestling and other forms of hand to hand combat. Although newly popular, MMA Pound for Pound style fighting has been around for millennia across many different cultures.
MMA is not just the most popular professional combat sport, it is also becoming a very popular recreational sport. There are many MMA gyms in most cities, and it offers a great training regiment and atmosphere for achieving great fitness. The main advantage of MMA training over other combat sports is that there is always something new to learn, and a great diversity of different techniques and styles, so always exciting and never boring. If getting your head knocked in worries you, you can still train for MMA without entering full contact fights.
Main fighting styles:
- Stand-up : Fighting styles such as boxing, karate, and kick boxing, emphasizing footwork, elbowing, kicking, kneeing and punching.
- Clinch : Fighting styles such as Greco-Roman wrestling, and Judo, emphasizing takedowns and throws.
- Ground : Fighting styles such as wrestling emphasizing ground control and submission holds.
Hybrid fighting styles:
- Sprawl-and-brawl : Sprawl-and-brawl is a stand-up fighting tactic that consists of effective stand-up striking, while avoiding ground fighting, typically by using sprawls to defend against takedowns.
- Clinch fighting : Clinch fighting and dirty boxing are tactics consisting of using a clinch hold to prevent the opponent from moving away into more distant striking range, while also attempting takedowns and striking the opponent using knees, stomps, elbows, and punches.
- Ground-and-pound : Ground-and-pound is a ground fighting tactic consisting of taking an opponent to the ground using a takedown or throw, obtaining a top, or dominant position, and then striking the opponent, primarily with fists and elbows.
- Submission grappling : Submission grappling is also a reference to the ground fighting tactic consisting of taking an opponent to the ground using a takedown or throw and then applying a submission hold, forcing the opponent to submit.